1,100 BOMBERS BATTER MUNICH; TOULON RAIDED – LUFTWAFFE SHUNS A FIGHT, BUT FLAK OVER REICH IS INTENSE; 20 HEAVIES LOST

From the July 12, 1944 edition of Stars and Stripes

More than 1,100 American heavy bombers–one of the largest forces ever to strike a single German target-flew from Britain yesterday to batter objectives in the Munich area of Southern Germany as a Liberator contingent struck from Italy at Toulon, main French Mediterranean naval base.

Escorted by up to 750 Eighth Air Force P47s, P38s and P51s, the British-based Fortresses and Liberators did not encounter a single German fighter on their 1,000-mile round-trip through heavy cloud. Flak, however, was intense and 20 heavies and two pursuits failed to return.

While the USSTAF unleashed its power against the Reich after a night in which RAF mosquitoes lashed Berlin, Ninth Air Force Marauders and Havocs pounded undisclosed objectives south of the Abbeville region of the Pas de Calais and a second B26 force bombed rail targets at Gamaches, about 20 miles northeast of Dieppe. All the Lightning-escorted bombers returned.

B17 flying fortress eighth air force bombers

B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 381st Bomb Group fly through flak over their target.

Yesterday’s raid marked the return of U.S. bombers in strength to a single German area after a period throughout which the heavies were scattered in task forces over a vast aerial front.



For Further Reading Check Out:

The Mighty Eighth: The Air War in Europe as Told by the Men Who Fought It




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One thought on “1,100 BOMBERS BATTER MUNICH; TOULON RAIDED – LUFTWAFFE SHUNS A FIGHT, BUT FLAK OVER REICH IS INTENSE; 20 HEAVIES LOST

  • Bill Getz says:

    I flew on that July 11 raid to Munich. Logged 8 hours, 10 minutes flying time in our B-24. July was my busiest month of combat, flying almost every day, often several days in a row. The crew was exhausted and the flight surgeon would feed us “wake-up pills” to keep us alert. Our crews experienced more combat in July than some crews experienced in their entire tour. This would not be the last time I went to Munich. The last time was in early 1945 in a P-51.

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